Basic Information about Basic Information about Basic Information about Electrodermal Screening Electrodermal Screening Electrodermal Screening
Drawing of Two Hands

[flower]There are three basic categories of electrodermal screening:

[star gif]  Electroacupuncture According to Voll (EAV)
-The original, which measures hundreds of acupuncture points.

[star gif]  Bioelectric Functions Diagnosis (BFD)
-which measures about 60 points

[star gif]  Vega Test or Vegetative Reflex Test (VRT)
-which uses only a few points in the hands.

[flower]A short introduction to Electrodermal Screening

From " Alternative Medicine for Dummies"
by James Dillard, MD,DC, CAC and Tarra Zaporyn PhD

"Electro-Acupuncture Biofeedback"

"Acupuncturists say the body is made up of invisible energy channels (meridians)- each associated with different organs in the body. Along these meridians are hot spots, called acupuncture points, where the energy can be measured and manipulated. During electroacupunture biofeedback, (which is also called electroacupuncture according to Voll -or EAV) practitioners measure this energy emitted at these points with special instruments. They measure this energy in terms of electrical conductivity, that is, how easily electrons flow at any given point.

"Advocates of this approach say that if you are normal and healthy electrical conductivity is lower at acupuncture points than elsewhere in the body. Abnormally high or low readings mean that the corresponding organ isn't working right maybe due to disease, infections, toxins or food allergies.

"Ideally, this kind of screening can help nip serious illness in the butt and maybe cut health care costs in the process. No one really knows for sure whether it really can -yet. Even so, this technique is widely practiced in Europe and Japan and is used experimentally in the United States."



[flower]Links to Basic Descriptions of Electrodermal Screening:

[WWW gif]The American Association of Acupuncture and Bio-Energetic Medicine
Basic Explanation of the Electrodermal Screening Test and the Concepts of bio-Energetic Medicine

"Acupuncture points are points on the skin, usually located on meridians, where the circulation of chi can be manipulated.

By stimulating an acupuncture point on the skin through pressure, suction, heat, or needle insertion, the circulation of chi is affected, which in turn affects related internal organs. But this is not the only way to take advantage of the meridian system. The meridian energy flow also carries with it information about internal organs that can be used in diagnosis. This is the basis of the electrodermal screening test (EDST). The device used in the EDST is the electrodermal screening device, or EDSD, which works by measuring electrical resistance and polarization at acupuncture points and meridians. Through these safe, skin-level measurements, it is possible to analyze the bio-energy and bio-information produced by internal organs and systems."

[WWW gif] Modern Acupuncture Techniques-HealthWorld Online
Excerpted from "Acupuncture-Its Place in Western Medical Science" by George T. Lewith MA, MRCGP, MRCP. See " The Electrical Properties of Acupuncture Points"

"Voll's machine acts as a system of diagnosis in that it tells the acupuncturist which points, and therefore which organs, are diseased. It can also be used to make quite specific diagnoses as slight differences in the charge of the point indicate different types of disease processes."

[WWW gif]"The Phenomenon of Medicine Testing in Electroacupuncture According to Voll"
By Rhinhold Voll

"Abstract: EAV(Electroacupuncture According to Voll) has shown that each acupuncture point bears a direct relationship to a specific anatomical structure or physiological function in the body. An electronic apparatus was designed to quantitatively measure the electrical activity at each of these points which directly infers the functional status of the structure or disease process in question. A serendipitous discovery showed that when medicine is introduced into the electric circuit during point measurements, the medicine, if correctly chosen, will change the reading values to a more normal level. Furthermore, not only can the correct medicine be accurately established, but also the most appropriate potency or dosage as well, resulting in an optimal approach. Many hundreds of EAV physicians throughout the world now work on a daily basis with EVA medicine testing to the advantage of their patients. The scientific validity of EAV and medicine testing has been firmly established over the past quarter century and a number of laboratory experiments are outlined to substantiate and corroborate this exciting advance in medicine."

[WWW gif]Australian Medical Acupuncture Society
The Scientific Validation of Acupuncture

"In the 1960's Dr. Reinhold Voll painstakingly measured skin resistance values on thousands of patients, verifying lowered resistance values for classical acupoints plus hundreds of other lowered resistance points."

[WWW gif]The Australian Medical Acupuncture Society
A summary of the "Types of Acupuncture" which includes a description of Electroaccupuncture.

[WWW gif]The Sunday Times
Of South Africa. " The Best of Three Worlds" "The increasing success of alternative medicines has lent them new respectability. KATY CHANCE investigates a machine that combines three of these disciplines."

[WWW gif]The International Center For Nutritional Research, Inc.
In Langhorne, Pennsylvania. "StarTrek Medicine- Computerized Bioenergetic Testing"
"Although relatively new in this country, Bioenergetic Testing is internationally viewed as one of the most significant breakthroughs in medicine in many years".

[WWW gif]Sinorama Magazine
in Taiwan. " A Dialogue Between Chinese and Western Medicine" "The invention of the Electrodermal Screening Device (EDSD) had a number of positive results, not least of which was that it proved the existence of the meridian system and lent credibility to the practice of acupuncture."

[WWW gif]StarTrek Medicine- Computerized Bioenergetic Testing
from the International Center For Nutritional Research, Inc. in Langhorne, Pennsylvania. "Although relatively new in this country, Bioenergetic Testing is internationally viewed as one of the most significant breakthroughs in medicine in many years".

[WWW gif] Energy Medicine - Healthcare of the Future
by Colleen J. Anderson & Dr. Robb E. Anderson

"Electrodermal screening (EDS) is a form of electro-acupuncture biofeedback which gathers information based on physics not chemistry. A noninvasive electric probe is placed on specific acupuncture meridian points along the fingers and toes which measures the energy of specific organs, tissues, and systems of the body. Minute electrical discharges of the body serve as information signals about the condition of the body's organs, tissues, and systems. The imbalances that are found can correspond to present illness or future disease and exact homeopathic or nutritional remedies can be found to restore the disturbed energy flow. Presently a computer is utilized and the technique referred to as Computerized Stress Analysis."

[WWW gif]Dr. Thomas Dorman
An internist at the Tahoma Clinic in Kent, Washington, writes a newsletter called "Fact, Fiction and Fraud in Modern Medicine." Here is his article on "Bioenergy" Check out the bibliography for leads to more research.

[WWW gif]MED Servi Systems
Of Ottawa Canada sells EAV Composite "Hand and Foot Charts" of Electrodermal testing points.

[WWW gif]The Device (EDSD) and Method (EDST)
An informative post on DejaNews by Sergey O.Serebriakov.

"There are some variations in the construction and performance of EDSDs, but all share the same basic design (Fig. 5). The core of the EDSD is an ohm meter designed to deliver approximately 10-12 microamperes of direct electrical current at 1-1.25 volts, a perfectly safe amount. (The ionization potential of hydrogen atoms is 1.36 volts; only at this level and above could any physical damage occur.) On the majority of the devices the meter is calibrated to read from 0 to 100 such that the standard skin resistance of 100 kilo-ohms reads 50. The minimum value of zero represents infinite resistance (no electrical conductivity), and the maximum value of 100 indicates zero resistance at the given voltage and amperage. Some of the devices use a range of 0 to 200, with 100 being normal skin resistance. [12]

"The EDSD testing probe consists of an insulated body with a tip of brass or silver connected to the positive side of the circuit. The examiner holds the probe by the insulated body and presses the tip against the measurement point of the patient (fig. 6). The negative side of the circuit is connected to a hand electrode made of brass tubing, which is held by the patient in one hand. "

[WWW gif]Definition of Electroacupuncture according to Voll (EAV)
From the International Medical Association for Electroacupuncture according to Voll in Stuttgart, Germany.

"Through electrophysical measurements at accurately located anatomical points on the skin, the current state and the regulation dynamics of systems and subsystems of the human body are recorded and any malfunction and blocking of independent regulation mechanism determined. Resonance coupling detects the factors that interfere with the information transfer of the regulation systems and which constitute the actual causes of illnesses in the cybernetic sense. The purpose of the Medical System Therapy EAV is the recreation of the body's capacity for physiological regulation. The specifically required remedy is then selected through the resonance phenomena during the measurement."

[flower]Electrodermal Screening (EDS) has also been called:

[star gif]  Bioenergetics
"Bioenergetics" is a comprehensive term used to describe many kinds of "energy medicine". Although it is sometimes called "bioenergetics", or "bioenergetic testing", Electrodermal Screening is not the only form of energy medicine which uses that name. For example, according to the International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis "Bioenergetics is a way of understanding personality in terms of the body and its energetic process....Bioenergetics is also a form of therapy that combines work with the body and the mind to help people resolve their emotional problems and realize more of their potential for pleasure and joy in living".

[star gif]  Electrodiagnosis
Although it is sometimes called "electrodiagnosis", electrodermal screening should not to be confused with electromyogram (EMG) and other forms of electrodiagnosis advanced by The American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine in which electrical signals are recorded by needle or surface electrodes during voluntary muscular contractions. Interpretation of the EMG is an important part of the clinical neurophysiological evaluation of patients with suspected disorders of either nerve or muscle.

[star gif]  German Electroacupuncture(GEE)
Although it is a form of electroacupuncture, electrodermal screening should not be confused with other forms of electroacupuncture, sometimes called "electrotherapy" which involves the use of electrical stimulation to enhance the acupuncture effect. Small, electrical impulses are sent through the skin during electrodermal screening, but only so that the pulses themselves can be evaluated.

It should also not be confused with Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) which sends tiny electrical impulses through the skin to the nerves lying directly beneath the skin surface. These impulses are said to help block the body's ability to send a pain message to your brain and increase the body's ability to produce its own pain killing substances, called endorphins.

























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